Insulin: The Life-Saving Hormone in Diabetes Management


Galván Raquel*

Insulin is a hormone that plays a critical role in regulating blood sugar levels and is vital for the management of diabetes. This article provides an in-depth exploration of insulin, its functions, types, and administration methods. It discusses insulin therapy, including injections, pens, pumps, and inhalation devices. The article highlights advancements in insulin therapy, such as analog insulins, closed-loop systems, and smart insulin pens. Furthermore, it examines future prospects, including ultra-rapid-acting insulins, smart insulin delivery systems, insulin nanotechnology, and oral insulin. The article also touches on alternative approaches to diabetes management, such as pancreas and islet cell transplantation, artificial pancreas systems, and gene therapy. Overall, the article emphasizes the importance of insulin in diabetes care and showcases the ongoing advancements and future possibilities in insulin therapy.

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